The other day on Dear SafeMama, we had made a small mention on PBDE’s. Luckily enough, I was able to sit in on a call with the good folks over at EWG regarding their new report on risks of PBDE’s in the home and in children. You can read their full report here. From Enviroblog.org:
Why are kids levels higher? Not surprisingly, these elevated levels are caused by childhood exposures to household items containing PBDEs, a class of fire retardant added to household furniture and electronic items. Yes, the living room couch, that comfy reading chair, and your laptop where the kids watch videos or type their letters. And it all happens through that childhood habit we all know so well: hands and stuff in the mouth. Kids ingest roughly 10 times more PBDEs than adults from hand-to-mouth contact.
Also not surprisingly, levels are higher in the U.S. because other countries don’t require fire retardants and our stringent fire safety standards protect us from potential fires but not from guaranteed chemical toxicity.
The call itself was a real eye opener. I’ve long been aware of the hazards of flame retardants, but I don’t think I understood the ramifications of them. Especially until I had a child. But as with any chemical, they’re toxic to small children whose systems are still immature. Sadly, there’s not a whole lot being done in the U.S. in regards to regulation of PBDE’s. There are three different types: Penta, Octa and Deca. Penta and Octa are no longer allowed in the U.S. but the loophole is that it’s not illegal to import them, which means that most of your conventional furniture still most likely has PBDE’s as it’s imported.
All hope is not lost though. There are measures that you can take to help reduce the PBDE exposure in your home. EWG recommends:
- Inspect foam items and replace any with ripped covers or mishapen/breaking down foam.
- Use a vacuum with a HEPA filter.
- Don’t reupholster foam furniture.
- Carefully remove old carpet because the padding may contain PBDEs.
- Have small children wash their hands frequently so they put clean hands in their mouths!
On top of that, SafeMama recommend’s:
- When it’s possible, open your windows. All of them. Let the fresh air in (unless you live next to a sewer plant)
- Dust often. We realize that with small children, this might not be as easy as it sounds but PBDE particles are known to loom in the air and land on surfaces in your home. Ick.
- Flooring Options. If you’re in the market for replacing your carpet and it’s feasible, opt for hardwood. (sustainable with non toxic glue of course)
- HEPA Filters in your air handlers. You can now get HEPA Filters for your in-home air handlers for heat and A/C which could help reduce PDBE dust.
Of course, you could always move into a mud hut….. just kidding. Maybe.